Experience proves the human survival instinct became the determining factor of society can survive or not in the “golden moment” when survivors of the disaster. A self-awareness of the disaster is also important for a person or group to be saved from disaster.
Instead, a team of search and rescue (SAR) is not everything to ensure the safety of humans from disasters. In other words, without underestimating the role of the rescue team should never simply rely on search and rescue group to ensure the safety of humans from disasters.
In short, the public should be aware of and independent of the disaster is happening around them and know what to do when a disaster occurs, earthquake emergency kit, It is the individual SAR teams ultimate true to itself it is necessary to understanding and dissemination of stakeholders.
In a survey in Japan gives an example of the importance of self-reliance in the face of disaster. The survey examines the disastrous “Great Hansin Earthquake 1995” which shows the percentage of people who survived the earthquake in the “golden moment” disaster.
In the short time that the Japanese people when disaster survivors themselves precisely due preparedness amounted to 34.9 per cent, 31.9 per cent of family support, the support of friends / neighbors 28.1 percent, about 2.60 percent of people support, support rescue team 1 , 70, and other factors of 0.90 percent.
If dosed deeper, true rescue team will come some time after the disaster. For example, an earthquake in an area it will be less likely in a matter of seconds and rescue team in the disaster area. If there is no self-reliance in save themselves necessarily “golden moment” catastrophic short it can actually “kill” when people do not know what to do.
Independence of the community it can be done as the steps to be taken in case of disaster. For example, people should know what is required to do if a disaster occurs such as finding the open, when trapped in buildings seek shelter under the table or the material is strong and stable, and when an earthquake occurs near the coast or sea then you should immediately seek high ground in order to avoid exposure to tsunami ,
Without negating the role of the rescue team, the Head of National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) Willem Rampangilei through Disaster Preparedness Day on April 26. encourage the establishment of an independent community resilience to natural disasters that could potentially occur in the vicinity.
According to him, the individual and society is the key that should be increased to ensure the safety of residents in the “golden moment” disaster. In an effort to achieve community resilience BNPB, he added, BNPB initiate the Disaster Preparedness Day is filled with practical actions to be taken in case of disaster.
BNPB, he said, continue to encourage the public to be able to manage the threat of or potential disasters that often occur in the environment. Society must know and understand about what they should do during an earthquake, building fires, tsunamis, flash floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions and other disasters.
“BNPB make April 26 as a Day of Disaster Preparedness aims to cultivate the integrated exercise, planned and sustainable in order to raise awareness, vigilance and preparedness Disaster Resilient communities towards Indonesia,” he said.
For Willem, activities with hash marks #SiapUntukSelamat it is momentum together to socialize that acquisition of knowledge by the disaster itself will be very important to improve the ability to rescue from disaster risks.
In the context of yourself as a safety factor, BNPB initiated 26 April as efforts to achieve a medium-term policy so that the President of the Republic Indonesia set and called for the National Disaster Preparedness Day. By doing so, the anniversary of the disaster all stakeholders including government, non-governmental organizations, the business community and every citizen to conduct disaster preparedness exercises throughout the area. The activity was an important step to educate every citizen that Indonesian society is in disaster-prone areas.
Willem says there is one of the most fundamental things that will be achieved is the blueprint of human development in the face of disaster. Communities should have the ability to recognize risk, manage threats and has resilience. “Capacity ‘wares soft skills’ this is our constant and increase convey to the public. In addition, the importance of disaster mitigation support physically carried by the functions of ministries / agencies of the authorities,” said Willem.
Selection of April 26 as a Day of Disaster Preparedness is the 10th anniversary of the enactment of Law Number 24 Year 2007 on Disaster Management. Some types of exercise undertaken by the stakeholders include, among others, the test siren or the early warning signs of other, test shelter / evacuation and field test of evacuation independently on the environment (school / madrasah secure disaster, the manager of public services, high rise buildings and residential communities) , BNPB seek the involvement of groups with special needs such as persons with disabilities and vulnerable groups, children and the elderly.
Learning From Japan Project Formulation Advisor Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Ishigaki Shigeki said the quake was part of the Japanese state could even be termed part of “culture”.
Called the “culture” because Japan is a country that is often hit by the disaster because the State Sakura islands included in the “ring of fire” as Indonesia. The impact of the geographical location that makes Japan is often hit by earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and other natural phenomena are related.
Shigeki said Japan almost every time a mild earthquake ravaged at least once a month and the massive earthquake one to two times a year. Along sosiliasisi through the mass media and stakeholder efforts to make the Japanese people “familiar” face an earthquake in its own way and know how to handle it if a disaster occurs. “In Japan every 1 September 1923 to commemorate the earthquake in Tokyo. Do 14 training in disaster and updated every year, according to the dominant disaster experienced at the time,” he said.
Japan, often anticipating the following earthquake dissemination to the public about what to do when an earthquake occurs following the disaster mitigation. School children in Japan since sekoah have been given basic training various things about the disaster. The Japanese government set up a large budget to prepare for a possible earthquake and tsunami as passing avoid making seawall construction.
Chris Ciesa of the Pacific Disaster Center United States said his country also has a disaster warning month in December. “Such training today (26 April 2017) can start with small steps starting from myself, family, school and work. What to do in case of disaster? For example, setting up the logistics supply, family kits and so on. If it starts from the individual better prepared, then the community will be better prepared and more ready state.